Nikon user manual D3100
User manual Nikon D3100 – download in PDF format: Nikon-d3100-EN
D3100 employs Nikon’s latest breakthrough technology to deliver superb results. A newly developed DX-format CMOS sensor with 14.2 effective megapixels works in tandem with new EXPEED 2 image processing engine to produce highly detailed images containing rich tonal gradations and faithful color. This combination also helps produce beautifully defocused backgrounds – a hallmark of quality digital SLR cameras. In addition, a maximum ISO of 3200 (expandable to ISO 12800 equivalent using the Hi 2 setting) allows you to shoot without worrying about camera-shake blur.
Single-lens reflex digital camera
Nikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Effective angle of view
Approx. 1.5 x lens focal length (Nikon DX format)
23.1 x 15.4 mm CMOS sensor
Image sensor cleaning, Airflow Control System, Image Dust Off reference data (optional Capture NX 2 software required)
Image size (pixels)
” 4,608 x 3,072 [L] ” 3,456 x 2,304 [M] ” 2,304 x 1,536 [S]
” NEF (RAW)
” JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8), or basic (approx. 1:16) compression
” NEF (RAW) + JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
Picture Control System
Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified
SD (Secure Digital), SDHC and SDXC memory cards
DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif 2.21 (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras), PictBridge
Eye-level pentamirror single-lens reflex viewfinder
Approx. 95% horizontal and 95% vertical
Approx. 0.8 x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
18 mm (-1.0 m-1)
-1.7 to +0.5 m-1
Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen
Instant return, electronically controlled
” AF-S and AF-I: All functions supported.
” Type G or D AF NIKKOR without built-in autofocus motor: All functions except autofocus supported. IX NIKKOR lenses not supported.
” Other AF NIKKOR: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D color matrix metering II. Lenses for F3AF not supported.
” Type D PC NIKKOR: All functions supported except autofocus and some shooting modes.
” AI-P NIKKOR: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D color matrix metering II.
” Non-CPU: Autofocus not supported. Can be used in exposure mode M, but exposure meter does not function.
Note: Electronic rangefinder can be used if lens has a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster.
Electronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
1/4000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3 EV, Bulb
Flash sync speed
X=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower
(single frame),(continuous),(self-timer),(quiet shutter release)
Frame advance rate
Up to 3 fps (manual focus, mode M or S, shutter speed 1/250 s or faster, and other settings at default values)
2 s, 10 s
TTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
” Matrix: 3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering II (other CPU lenses)
” Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 8-mm circle in center of frame
” Spot: Meters 3.5-mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point
(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)
” Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV
” Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
Exposure meter coupling
Auto modes (auto, auto [flash off]); scene modes (portrait; landscape; child; sports; close up; night portrait);
programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
-5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Luminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
(Recommended Exposure Index)
ISO 100 to 3200 in steps of 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 1 EV above ISO 3200 (ISO 6400 equivalent) or to
approx. 2 EV above ISO 3200 (ISO 12800 equivalent); auto ISO sensitivity control available
Nikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, 11 focus points (including one
cross-type sensor), and AF-assist illuminator (range approx. 0.5 to 3m/1 ft. 8 in. to 9 ft. 10 in.)
-1 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
” Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status
” Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Can be selected from 11 focus points
Single-point AF, dynamic-area AF, auto-area AF, 3D-tracking (11 points)
Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L button
Auto, Portrait, Child, Close up, Night portrait: Auto flash with auto pop-up
P, S, A, M: Manual pop-up with button release
Approx. 12/39, 13/43 with manual flash (m/ft, ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
” TTL: i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR using 420-pixel RGB sensor are available with built-in flash and SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, or SB-400 (i-TTL balanced fill-flash is available when matrixor center-weighted metering is selected)
” Auto aperture: Available with SB-900/SB-800 and CPU lens
” Non-TTL auto: Supported flash units include SB-900, SB-800, SB-80DX, SB-28DX, SB-28, SB-27, and SB-22S
” Distance-priority manual: Available with SB-900 and SB-800
Auto, auto with red-eye reduction, fill-flash, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye correction, and rear curtain with slow sync
-3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 EV
Lights when built-in flash or optional flash unit such as SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, or SB-400 is fully charged; blinks for 3 s after flash is fired at full output
ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting
Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-900, SB-800, or SU-800 as commander; Flash Color Information Communication supported with built-in flash and all CLS-compatible flash units
Sync Terminal Adapter AS-15 (available separately)
Auto, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine tuning.
” Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F)
” Manual focus (MF)
Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Scene Auto Selector
Available in auto and auto (flash off) modes
TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Frame size (pixels)
and frame rate
” 1,920 x 1,080 (24p): 24 fps (23.976 fps) ” 1,280 x 720 (30p): 30 fps (29.97 fps)
” 1,280 x 720 (25p): 25 fps ” 1,280 x 720 (24p): 24 fps (23.976 fps)
” 640 x 424 (24p): 24 fps (23.976 fps)
Maximum recording time
H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording format
Audio recording device
Built-in monaural microphone
7.5-cm/3-in., approx. 230 k-dot TFT LCD with brightness adjustment
Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with playback zoom, movie playback, slide show, histogram display, highlights, auto image rotation, and image comment (up to 36 characters)
Type C mini-pin HDMI connector
” Remote cord: MC-DC2 (available separately)
” GPS unit: GP-1 (available separately)
Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
One Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL14
AC adapter EH-5a; requires power connector EP-5A (available separately)
1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions / weight
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Approx. 124 x 96 x 74.5 mm (4.9 x 3.8 x 2.9 in.)
Approx. 505 g (1lb. 1.8 oz.) with battery and memory card but without body cap; Approx. 455 g / 1lb. (camera body only)
0 to 40°C (32 to 104°F)
Less than 85% (no condensation)
(may differ by country or area)
Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL14, Battery Charger MH-24, Eyepiece Cap DK-5, Rubber Eyecap DK-20,
Camera Strap AN-DC3, Accessory Shoe Cover BS-1, Body Cap BF-1B, ViewNX 2 CD-ROM, Ferrite Core (2 types)
- * Microsoft and Windows, Windows 7 are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
- * Macintosh and QuickTime are registered trademarks or trademarks of Apple Inc. in the United States and/or other countries.
- * The SD logo is a trademark of the SD Card Association.
- * The SDXC logo is a trademark.
- * PictBridge is a trademark.
- * HDMI, the HDMI logo and High-Definition Multimedia Interface are trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing LLC.
- * Products and brand names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
- * Images in viewfinders, on LCDs and monitors shown in this website are simulated.
Memory card capacity*1
The following table shows the approximate number of pictures that can be stored on a 4 GB SanDisk Extreme SDHC card at different image quality and size settings.
No. of images*1
NEF (RAW) +
- *1 : All figures are approximate. File size varies with scene recorded.
- *2 : Maximum number of exposures that can be stored in memory buffer at ISO 100.
Drops when noise reduction is on.
- *3 : Image size applies to JPEG images only. Size of NEF (RAW) images can not be changed. File size is the total for
NEF (RAW) and JPEG images.
Approved memory cards
The following SD memory cards have been tested and approved for use in the D3100. Cards with class 6 write speeds are recommended for movie recording. Recording may end unexpectedly when cards with slower write speeds are used.
SD memory cards
SDHC memory cards*2
SDXC memory cards*3